The Biological Pump

microbial food web ocean certain conceptual model frede thingstad

The biological pump (BP) is the oceanic process that has the largest influence on CO2 and other elemental cycles in the ocean.

This is connected to the food web (FW). The FW provides ecological functions (water filtration, energy and mass transfer from one trophic level to another, nutrient and carbon recycling, and export of carbon from the euphotic surface layer to the deep sea and sediment – also known as the biological pump. It is as such all connected.