Case Studies

For WP3, the OCEAN-CERTAIN project focuses on the stakeholder sectors of tourism, aquaculture and fisheries, and each location was care study area with this in mind. The locations also roughly corresponded to the mesocosm experiment areas chosen for the project in WP2. These were the Mediterranean sea, the Arctic and Patagonia. The selected sites for these experiments encompass a variety of environmental characters and represent distinct ecosystems, which will experience different extents of climate change related stresses.

Communities that are representative of these region and which rely heavily on one or more of the three sectors were selected for assessment: in Chile, a community in the Reloncavi fjord; in Turkey, the town of Çeşme, and in Norway, the city of Tromsø. Maps courtesy of Google maps.

Turkey map ocean-certain cesmeÇesme, Turkey is described as holiday resort, which has been a popular holiday resort destination for more than a century given that it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea to the west. It is therefore one of Turkeys most important locations for international tourism and it was the first coastal town in Turkey where summerhouses first appeared in the 1950s. The marine area is also very important for wind surfers. Furthermore, the National Seal Committee has considered the areas one of five in Turkey that has been given priority for conservation, mainly to conserve the Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus) (Wikipedia, 2014, Hepcan et al., 2011).

Tromsø norway ocean-certain case areaTromsø, Norway, was chosen for its reliance on commercial fishing, and for being a administrative center of the northern parts of Norway. The Norwegian Fisheries Directorate has a regional office in the city, one of three in the Northern part of Norway (the other two are in Vadsø, Finnmark and in Bodø, Nordland). There are furthermore 404 registered fishermen in the municipality, which is more than double any other municipality in the region of Troms in northern Norway (Fiskeridirektoratet, 2014). This is also the largest city in the region, which means it is a major landing site for fish, as well as a natural port of fisheries arrests. It is also home of the Norwegian College of Fishery Science. The port of Tromsø is furthermore one Norways largest ports when it comes to revenue value, and is the preferred ‘one-stop-shop’ for both the national and international fishing fleets (Tromsø Harbor, 2014). Adding to this, the Norwegian Fishermen´s Sales Organization has its head office in Tromsø (The Norwegian Fishermen’s Sales Organization, 2014). Given this, the city is a prime case for stakeholder mapping within the sphere of commercial fishing.

Reloncavi fjord chile ocean-certainFinally, the third case area, and the thematic area of Aquaculture localities, is Reloncavi sound, in Chile. The sound is located within the Patagonia fjord system, one of the most extensive ones in the world. This system is currently exposed to among others aquaculture effects, which makes it of great interest to the current study. The Reloncavi fjord itself is less than 3 km at its widest part, and is 55 km long (Valle-Levinson et al., 2007). The sound is located immediately to the south of Puerto Montt, which is where the stakeholders for this case will be mapped. It is a port city, located in the Los Lagos region, and is the city which has been the most affected by the aquaculture industry in Chile, in terms of among others urbanization (Barton and Fløysand, 2010).